The William H. Neukom Building
Ennead Architects LLP,
New York, New York 10014,
"The William H. Neukom Building fulfills the space needs of a growing faculty, reinforces the Law School community by fostering the collaboration essential to a rich educational experience and strengthens the visual identity of the law school campus. Prominently sited directly south of the existing law school complex, this 65,000–square–foot building creates a new focal point along the principal circulation route linking the campus's residential and academic precincts. Bold axial connections to adjacent plazas, walkways, malls and building entries further define the school's open spaces.
Reinforcing the principles of Olmsted's original master plan for the campus, the building is organized around a central courtyard: four three–story wings, connected by glass–walled bridges, pinwheel around the elevated Faculty Garden. A ground–floor plinth forms the base of the building and houses the Law Clinic, which contains faculty offices, open work areas and conference rooms and law school seminar rooms. A monumental rotunda, which references the historic entry gates on the main quad, serves as the main entrance to the building. Marking the convergence of the two principal campus grids and rationalizing them, the rotunda establishes the Neukom Building as the central hub of the law school.
The rotunda's open–air staircase leads to the Faculty Garden and upper levels, which house offices for tenured and visiting faculty, the Dean's Suite and open and closed meeting and lounge areas. The Faculty Garden is envisioned as the heart of the new building and expands the Law School's sequence of outdoor spaces, which includes the reinvigorated Crocker Garden and Canfield Court. The garden facades of each of the four wings are articulated by subtly textured planar limestone walls, which extend from the garden to the outer edges of the complex, thereby reinforcing the pinwheel plan and drawing people into the space.
While open and accessible to all, the Faculty Garden is intended primarily as the Law School's "living room," a serene and engaging space designed to accommodate social events as well as intimate conversations, individual study and serendipitous encounters. The composition of materials and plantings creates a variety of "conversation rooms," sculptural fountains at both ends reinforce the garden's contemplative ambience, and a suspended, vine–covered, wood and steel trellis with a central oculus knits together the four wings of the building and creates a dynamic interplay of shade and shadow. Skylights, which have been seamlessly integrated into the design of the raised planter boxes, infuse the ground floor clinic with natural light.
In the faculty wings, intimate suites promote "open door" scholarship and establish a welcoming atmosphere for tenured faculty, students and visiting faculty. Interconnected, communal spaces offer a variety of possibilities for faculty and students to meet and interact informally. Oriented outward to the campus, doubleheight meeting spaces at the corners of the building achieve vertical interpenetration of interior spaces, further unifying the academic community. These corner spaces coupled with the connecting bridges, which offer views to the campus and the garden, blur the distinction between exterior and interior. Stone and corrugated concrete—exterior building materials that are extended to the interior— figuratively reinforce the Law School's strategic connection with other academic disciplines within the University.
Reflecting the University's sustainability initiative, many measures have been employed to reduce the building's carbon footprint, maximize energy effectiveness, reduce water consumption and create a healthy working environment. Existing mature trees were retained or transplanted; their shade, in combination with light colored paving, reduces heat island buildup from the pavement. Local plant species were selected for the specific micro–climate conditions, and all are native or adaptive species. The floor systems in both Crocker Garden and the terrace facilitate infiltration of rainwater to the water table. The calibrated solar orientation, well–positioned shading devices and advanced mechanical controls are among the active and passive strategies that have been exploited. The expected overall building energy use is one third that of a comparable building in California. A key contributor to this efficiency is the daylighting scheme, which results in a predicted lighting energy consumption that is 32% less than what is allowed by California's already stringent energy code."